Level: Moderate

Distance: 6 km

Time: 2 h

Elevation Change: 311 m

Season: Year Round

Topographical Map: 92 B/14

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Access: Mount Galiano may be a bit far to access on foot from the ferry dock. A 4-km bicycle or taxi ride to the trailhead will solve the dilemma however. Follow a route via Sturdies Bay Road, Georgeson Bay Road, Highland Road, and Active Pass Drive to the trailhead at the end of Phillimore Point Road.

Anticipate some steep sections on the trail to the top of Mount Galiano. The last 20 minutes of the climb follows an old logging road. As you might expect the summit provides a panorama extending from Mayne Island across the twin Pender Islands to Saltspring Island on the right. You might be surprised to find a grove of Garry Oak on top, indicating how arid these islands really are. Retracing your steps off Galiano Island's highest point should take but a fraction of the time.

The End


Dentalia

Dentalia Shells

These thin, tubular mollusks formed the currency of commerce throughout the Pacific Northwest as long as 3000 years ago. Pre-European civilization is often considered a barter economy, with, for instance, coastal tribes swapping oolichan grease directly for prized Oregon obsidian. Commodity traders, however, could rely on this wampum to close a transaction when interest in the goods was decidedly one-sided. Called hykwa in Chinook jargon, dentalia shells possessed all the necessary attributes of money, being portable, recognizable and durable but rare and desirable enough to foster trade. Being available in a variety of sizes, the tusk-like shells were even divisible into small change. Professional traders are known to have tattooed measuring lines on their forearms as a handy calculator of individual shell values. Only a handful of groups, including the Nuu-chah-nulth in the vicinity of Tofino, possessed dentalia in quantities sufficient enough to make them wealthy. Harvesting the deep water mollusks was no easy undertaking however. From a dugout canoe a long, broom-like apparatus was thrust straight down into the muddy sea bottom then retrieved. With any luck a shell or two would be trapped amongst the stiff twigs at the end of the handle. Dentalia were also ostentatiously displayed as symbols of wealth and power in the form of body adornments. Perhaps most recognizable are the breast plates invariably worn by cheesy Hollywood Indians.

Illustration by Manami Kimura