Access: Getting to Lynn Headwaters

Level: Very Easy

Distance: 4 km r/t

Time: 2 h

Elevation Change: 25 m

Topographical Map: 92 G/6

Click to View Map

Season: Year Round

By far the easiest hike in the area is the pleasant 4 km saunter around Rice Lake. To reach the lake head up the hill to the right of the information board. Follow the directional signs to Rice Lake on the left side of the road. At the dock, pause to ask the trout fishermen about their luck and, out of curiosity, peer into the water along the pilings. Depending on the time of the year you're bound to see countless salamanders. Suspended in the water too, those tiny orange specks are, in reality, a fresh water cousin to the brine shrimp of "sea-monkey" fame. The fresh water variety are called daphnia or water fleas.

The End


Dentalia

Dentalia Shells

These thin, tubular mollusks formed the currency of commerce throughout the Pacific Northwest as long as 3000 years ago. Pre-European civilization is often considered a barter economy, with, for instance, coastal tribes swapping oolichan grease directly for prized Oregon obsidian. Commodity traders, however, could rely on this wampum to close a transaction when interest in the goods was decidedly one-sided. Called hykwa in Chinook jargon, dentalia shells possessed all the necessary attributes of money, being portable, recognizable and durable but rare and desirable enough to foster trade. Being available in a variety of sizes, the tusk-like shells were even divisible into small change. Professional traders are known to have tattooed measuring lines on their forearms as a handy calculator of individual shell values. Only a handful of groups, including the Nuu-chah-nulth in the vicinity of Tofino, possessed dentalia in quantities sufficient enough to make them wealthy. Harvesting the deep water mollusks was no easy undertaking however. From a dugout canoe a long, broom-like apparatus was thrust straight down into the muddy sea bottom then retrieved. With any luck a shell or two would be trapped amongst the stiff twigs at the end of the handle. Dentalia were also ostentatiously displayed as symbols of wealth and power in the form of body adornments. Perhaps most recognizable are the breast plates invariably worn by cheesy Hollywood Indians.

Illustration by Manami Kimura