A novel technology was deployed to place the maps online in a somewhat readable fashion. A bit of JavaScript was then used to hide maps within each page. For this reason JavaScript must be enabled in order to access the maps. Click the link to view map full screen. Here's a sample:

Click to View Map


For those visiting from overseas [and those locals who flunked geography] the next three maps show various perspectives on the locale embraced by the content in BC Car-Free: Exploring Southwestern British Columbia Without a Car.

Click to View Overview Map

Click to View Provincial Perspective

Click to View Zoomed-in Map

Signs and Symbols Used on the Maps

For the most part map symbols should be self-explanatory. Refer to the legend below when ambiguity strikes.

Click to View Legend

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Rogue waves occur when the crests of individual waves from different wave-trains momentarily coincide. Hokusai's famous Tsunami, pictured here, is actually not a rogue wave at all.

Backpackers following the intertidal shelf should be aware of something known as "rogue waves". Unless seismic in origin, waves are usually created by the transferance of energy from wind to water. Three factors, wind speed, duration and fetch or the distance which a wind can blow, unimpeded, contribute to wave size. The energy moves wave-like through the water, displacing that water but not in fact transporting it. In other words the energy moves but the water doesn't.

Long wave-trains, waves marching in succession, can travel over great distances across the water. At any given time the waves from several wave-trains from disparate origins may come crashing on any particular beach. Rogue waves occur when the crests of individual waves from different wave-trains momentarily coincide. In short rogue waves occur when two or more waves displace the same water at the same time. When two wave crests come together they create a bigger than average wave. When a crest and trough coincide the result is a smaller than average wave.

Rogue waves occur when the crests of individual waves from different wave-trains momentarily coincide. Statistically the coincidence of two waves doubling up is thought to occur as frequently as one in 23 normal-sized waves. Certainly often enough to warrant caution whenever mucking about at the very edge of rocky shelves. When walking along the edge of metre high surf the margin of safety will rapidly disappear whenever a two metre wave hits the beach. Backpacker and knapsack may very well disappear as well if three crests overlap. Fortunately triple-sized waves are predicted to occur only once out of 1, 175 while four crests meeting simultaneously is as rare as one in three hundred thousand.

A further dynamic, not fully understood yet, occurs when coinciding waves are further pumped up by ocean currents. Though not a frequent occurrence off the B.C. coast, waves on steroids have been measured as high as a 10-story building from crest to trough. Coinciding troughs are known to create momentary liquid black holes from which an unlucky freighter or tanker would be unlikely to reappear. Every year a handful of cargo ships vanish from the oceans of the earth. At least a few of these are thought to have fallen prey to rogue waves.

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Notable Quotes

Environmentally savvy....an exceptional concept.

-- Traveller's Voice Magazine